Turkish citizenship by adoption is the one way of acquisition of Turkish citizenship. The person who acquires Turkish citizenship by adoption is deemed to have acquired the citizenship after birth. The acquisition of Turkish citizenship by adoption has become more common with the increase in international adoptions.
Adoption refers to the establishment of a paternity relationship with a court decision between people who do not have a descent.
In cases where both the adopters and the adopted person are Turkish citizens, the problem of acquisition of citizenship does not arise. On the other hand, the fact that the parties are from different nationalities creates the difficulty of whether the adopted person acquires the citizenship of the adopted person.
In this article, we specifically discussed the acquisition of Turkish citizenship by adoption. If you want to get information about all other ways of acquisition of Turkish citizenship, you can read our articles titled “Turkey Citizenship Requirements” and “Apply to Turkish Citizenship“
Turkish Citizenship by Adoption Conditions
Acquiring Turkish citizenship by adoption is one of the acquisition of Turkish citizenship after birth ways. This acquisition way regulated in the Turkish Nationality Law art.17. According to article “A child, under the age of maturity, adopted by a Turkish citizen shall acquire Turkish citizenship from the day he/she is adopted, if she/he does not pose threat on national security and public order.”
When the article is indicated, we see that some conditions are regulated for acquisition of Turkish citizenship.
First of all, child must be adopted by Turkish citizens. At this point, an international private law rule will come to the fore. It should be examined whether the adopter has the capacity to adopt according to Turkish civil law. On the other hand, it must be evaluated whether the adopted foreign child is suitable for adoption according to its own national legal rules.
As a second condition, the adopted person must be under the maturity in order to acquire citizenship. Again, in accordance with the rules of private international law, whether the person to be adopted is under the age of maturity or not will be determined according to its own national law rules.
The last condition for acquiring Turkish citizenship by adoption is not to be in a situation that would constitute an obstacle in terms of Turkish public order and national security. The person to be adopted should not pose a threat to public order and national security.
Turkish Citizenship by Adoption Required Documents
Persons who want to apply for Turkish citizenship by adoption must submit the following documents to the competent authorities during the application.
- Application form,
- 2 biometric photos,
- Notarized Turkish translation of the birth certificate approved by the competent authorities,
- Birth certificate to be issued based on the birth certificate,
- A receipt showing that the service fee has been paid to the cashier.
Turkish Citizenship by Adoption Process
The person who fulfills all the above-mentioned conditions can apply to the acquisition of Turkish citizenship by adoption by filling out the application form.
Citizenship applications are made to the governor’s office where the adopted person’s residence is located in the country, and to foreign representations abroad. Basically, the application is made by person that applying Turkish citizenship by adoption. It is possible to apply by another person only through a special power of attorney. Applications made by post will not be accepted.
Applications for the acquisition of Turkish citizenship of persons who are not adults or lack of the discretion power are made by their parents or guardians.
Documents submitted by foreigners who want to acquire Turkish citizenship by adoption must be translated into Turkish and notarized.
Persons who want to acquire Turkish citizenship by adoption must meet the conditions described above, submit the necessary documents and make the necessary transactions regarding the procedure.
Applicants who fulfill all the requirements acquire citizenship at the end of the process. Turkish citizenship will have consequences of the date of the decision.
Since the acquisition of Turkish citizenship by adoption has a detailed procedure, it will be in your best interest to get legal consultancy from a lawyer to avoid any mistakes. Topo Law Firm has been providing legal consultancy to foreign clients who want to acquire Turkish citizenship by adoption for years. If you want to get consultancy on this subject or if you want to get detailed information, you can contact us.
FAQ About Turkish Citizenship by Adoption
1. Can a previously adopted person acquire Turkish citizenship by adoption after age of the maturity?
No, an adopted adult cannot acquire Turkish citizenship by adoption. You can acquire it by meeting the general conditions.
2. Can people who are not married adopt?
No, according to Turkish civil law, only spouses can adopt together.
3. Can foreigners get Turkish citizenship?
Yes, foreigners can get Turkish citizenship by applying for one of the ways to acquire Turkish citizenship.
4. If the adoption relationship ends after the acquisition of Turkish citizenship through adoption, will Turkish citizenship be lost?
No, if the adoption relationship between the adopter and the adopter ends in any way after acquisition of Turkish citizenship by adoption, citizenship is not lost, it is preserved.